what are psychoactive drugs? ?
Psychoactive drugs are substances that affect the brain and cause changes in awareness, mood, thoughts, and behavior 1. These substances can be legal or illegal and can be categorized into different types based on their effects on the brain. Some of the most common types of psychoactive drugs include:
Depressants: These drugs can calm the brain, cause sleepiness, and make a person feel relaxed. However, they can also cause nightmares, anxiety, and aggression. Alcohol is an example of a depressant.
Stimulants: These include drugs such as cocaine and caffeine. Stimulants can increase energy, alertness, and wakefulness.
Opiates: These are pain-killing drugs that increase feelings of happiness or euphoria and create a tranquilizing effect. They can lead to addiction if a person misuses them, and they include drugs such as heroin.
Hallucinogens: These drugs can cause a person to have hallucinations, which means they may see or hear things that are not there. They can also cause a person to perceive time differently, feel detached from their surroundings, or feel deeply insightful. LSD is an example of a hallucinogen.
It’s important to note that the effects of psychoactive drugs can be beneficial or harmful depending on the situation 1. For instance, some psychoactive drugs can be used to treat mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. However, the misuse of these drugs can lead to addiction, overdose, and other negative consequences 1.